Steps in bonsai care
Watering is the most important part in bonsai care. This is the crux of the art of bonsai. Most Bonsai tree that die are lost due to dehydration, either from lack of watering or from being kept in a low humidity environment (indoors) for too long. How often you should water is a common question people ask about bonsai trees. There is no hard and fast rule prescribed for the same. When the soil begins to dry out water your plant thoroughly until the excess water runs out of the bottom of the pot, signifying you're done. Remember, over-watering is as bad as under-watering, thus all the fuss about getting it just right.
Pots and soil
The soil you use affects rooting, feeding, watering and transpiration, it is where half your tree lives so this is the second biggest consideration in maintaining your bonsai. While the needs of individual species vary greatly a good rule of thumb is 30% grit, 70% humus for deciduous trees, and 70% grit with 30% humus for evergreen-needled plants. Bonsai trees should be fertilized with a water-soluble fertilizer once or twice per month during the growing season. However the choice of fertilizer may vary depending on the species you've chosen to miniaturize. Always apply fertilizer when the soil is wet. Bonsai trees are intentionally allowed to become root-bound in their containers, and the roots too, are pruned.
A bonsai plant is pruned in two ways viz. branch pruning and root pruning. Pruning of branches is performed in spring. Much, but not all of the new growth is removed. Branches are selected early on as the only branches to be allowed to prosper, while the excess branches are mercilessly pruned off. The main factor in maintaining bonsai is the removal of all but the most important parts of the plant. Bonsai is all about the reduction of everything just to the essential elements. Also Bonsai trees are intentionally allowed to become root-bound in their containers, and the roots too, are pruned. But root-bound plants won't thrive forever in that condition and, indeed, bonsai trees must be re-potted every two or three years to furnish the roots with fresh soil.
Changing the shape of the tree
Bonsai tree wiring is an advanced skill to grow the bonsai into an art form. Desirable branches are wired to control the direction in which they grow. Wiring can do a great deal to change the shape of the plant, but it can also do a great deal of damage to the plant if done incorrectly.
To sum up
This may seem like a lot to do to just to buy a little tree, but it's no different than any other informed purchase, just as you wouldn't buy a fish without having a special home for it you should have a special home for your Bonsai tree.
Bonsai, the art of growing miniature trees in pots, leads to amazing forms and textures for trees. Bonsai trees are visually stunning and aesthetically pleasing. They are full grown trees, only in a dwarfed form.
If you are interested in growing bonsai trees, the first thing you would need is the seeds. Bonsai does not require any special seeds. Any ordinary seeds would do. Bonsai trees are regular, ordinary trees, only smaller in stature! However, in selecting seeds, you should consider your environment and climate in making the choice. Some trees require subzero temperatures in winter while some are more suited for hot temperatures.
There are some species that are comparatively easy to grow such as maple and hemlock. The easiest thing, however, would be to buy a young tree and then care for it. For this, you should go to the nursery and search for a plant that you like. A good indication is the leaf color that will give you an idea of the plant's health. In addition, you should decide beforehand the size you want for your tree. After you select the seeds, you must soak them in water for 24 hours. Then, to start a process called cold stratification, place the seeds in a damp towel, put it in a plastic bag refrigerate the bag for a week. This is done to simulate the conditions of winter.
The best soil for bonsai trees is pure peat. You can also use a mix which has 1/5 loam, 2/5 sphagnum peat moss and 2/5 granite grit. You can even use regular potting mix, but the recommended mix is bonsai soil mix, which is more draining and contains less fertilizer.
After selecting the soil mix, use a fine layer of sand or gravel to cover the bottom of the pot. This helps in drainage. Then, put the soil into the pot and make sure it covers a height of about two-thirds of the pot. Lightly press the soil with your hand and spread the seeds over it. For very small seeds, you do not need to cover them with more soil, but for larger seeds, you should cover them with a thin layer of soil that is about twice the size of the seeds. Once again, use your hand to press the soil very gently.
For small seeds, you should water them using a fine drizzle. This is in order not to disturb their relative positions. For large seeds, you can water them in the regular way. As bonsai trees can take months and even years to fully grow, make sure to keep on watering and pruning them regularly.
In order to grow bonsai trees there are some things you will need before you begin. This includes having the right bonsai tools and equipment for your bonsai tree.
Here are some of the items you will need for your bonsai tree:
- bonsai pot or container
- bonsai seeds
- bonsai soil mix
- fine gravel
- bonsai wire
- digging tool
- bonsai shears
There are a lot of different bonsai pots to choose from. The shapes, sizes, and colors are so varied that choosing a particular pot can be very challenging.
But finding the right kind of pot is not that easy. A bad choice of pot can actually lessen the tree's impact. However, a pot that is chosen well will also work to emphasize the beauty of the bonsai plant and will allow it to achieve its maximum potential.
Once you have gathered the bonsai seeds, it is necessary to place them in water for the night in order to differentiate which seeds are potentially viable and which ones are not. Those that will float are not usable, but the ones that will sink are those that you will be working with.
Before sowing your bonsai seeds, make sure that you have chosen a pot that is about has a depth of 15 cm or 6" and features a drainage hole. The lowest portion of the pot should contain an earth mix. The next layer should contain a mixture of potting soil and fine gravel. This layer should be about 1" below the pot's rim.
Insert the bonsai seeds 1" to 2" inches apart, then lay the the final layer which is composed of a mixture of potting compost and akadama. Use a fine spray nozzle to water the seedbed.
Using the right bonsai soil mix can be very beneficial for a bonsai tree. It is important that the bonsai soil can hold moisture and nutrients needed by the plant because the health and beauty of the bonsai tree heavily depends on the quality of soil.
For more informations please check Fukien bonsai tree.